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On June 10, 2014 the Tsilhqot'in Nation renewed an interim Strategic Engagement Agreement with the Province of BC, commonly referred to as the Tsilhqot'in Stewardship Agreement (TSA), previously known as the Tsilhqot'in Framework Agreement.

This agreement provides funding and capacity for the next three years to engage in resource decisions while protecting Tsilhqot'in Rights and Title. This is a bridging document for the Nation.

Frequently Asked Questions


What is the Tsilhqot'in Stewardship Agreement (TSA)?

This agreement between the provincial government and Nation was created because the Tsilhqot'in Nation demanded more say in resource development. The TSA has created a clear process for communities to have input about proposed land use within their territory within a set amount of time. This agreement provides a formal process for community members to: share their opinions; ask for changes to possible uses of the land; and provide reasoning for recommended changes to proposed work plans.


Is the TSA a treaty?

The TSA is not part of the treaty process – the TSA is a way to train people and develop capacity to ensure Aboriginal rights are protected on the ground and cultural values are looked after. The TSA does not give First Nations a final say or veto on resource decisions but it gives the Tsilhqot'in a stronger response to development within Tsilhqot'in traditional territory. The Tsilhqot'in have never taken part in the treaty process.


What does the consultation process look like?

Example: A cut block is being proposed in an area that a Tsilhqot'in family traditionally uses as a trap line. The family is worried that it will impact the wildlife in the area. Through the TSA process, this referral (proposed land use) is assigned to a referral worker at the TNG, who will work with the Tsilhqot'in community and specific family to hear what the concerns are. Then, utilizing all the technical support that TNG has, a response with recommendations concerning what decision should be made will be submitted to the BC government to influence their final decision.


Where do recommendations on proposed uses of Tsilhqot'in lands come from?

Through the TSA, there are many committees, councils and forums that bring together people who make recommendations. This increases accountability from both governments. See Figure 1 for some of the groups involved in making recommendations to the final decision maker:

Tsilhqot'in Stewardship Agreement


How does the TSA benefit the Tsilhqot'in Nation and communities?

The referral system was in place before the TSA was created. This meant that proposals for land use were given to individual Bands for recommendations to be made. The TSA provides resources to improve this process. It also improves relations between the province and Tsilhqot'in Nation



Tsilhqot'in Stewardship Agreement

Other Nations with Strategic Engagement Agreements (SEA's):

Tahltan Nation
Stó:lo First Nations
Kaska Dena Council
Wóoshtin yan too.aat


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